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1 samuel 20 commentary

It would turn upon Jonathan's words to the lad who would be assigned to chase his arrows. iii. Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. Nevertheless, if there is iniquity in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father?” But Jonathan said, “Far be it from you! David was the son-in-law of King Saul, having recently married his daughter Michal. 1-10.Las pruebas que enfrentó David le prepararon para su futuro progreso. A throne is God’s purpose for you; a cross is God’s path for you; faith is God’s plan for you.” (Redpath), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. He could no longer go home. The problem David mentioned here was simply that of how the result of the proposed test of Saul's attitude could be communicated to David when Saul got back in town. In fact, David and Jonathan will only meet once more, shortly before Jonathan’s death. : Again, David seems somewhat shaken by the fact that Jonathan did not tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. They wept together: David and Jonathan loved each other and had a strong bond of friendship. well,’ your servant will be safe. Jonathan expressed astonishment that his father did not tell him but assures David of his heart towards him. But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows, beyond you’—go your way, for the LORD has sent you away. i. So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows and came to his master. ). : David now poses a practical problem. Jonathan had the answer; and made an immediate response. (35-40) Jonathan reports to David through the signal of the arrows. But truly, as the Lord lives, and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.” Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Keith Simons. Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, “What have I done? For this reason he has not come to the king's table.". This is a reference to that occasion when Jonathan had successfully arranged a reconciliation. ", "If I am still alive, show me the loyal love of the Lord, that I may not die", "Go to the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand", "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman", "Neither you nor your kingdom shall be established", "David rose from ... the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The birth of Samuel takes place during the time of anarchy reflected So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: Jonathan and David agreed to care for one another. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 1:4-20 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This appears to be a story only about a childless woman who brings her problem to the Lord and finds help. But if there is guilt in me, slay me yourself; for why should you bring me to your father"? b. And I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I shot at a mark. This was a crucial time in David’s life. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. David was an honored member of the king's court and, at this point in time, he had not been formally expelled. i. Why aren’t you just trusting God?” Instead Jonathan knew David’s heart was pointed in the right direction, and he offered. But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you’—go your way, for the LORD has sent you away. There was a dreadful premonition on Jonathan's part that Saul's enmity against David would terminate in Saul's being "cut off from the face of the earth." b. But the lad knew nothing; only Jonathan and David knew the matter. i. He would no longer be welcome among the army of Israel. "And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … But let me go, that I may hide in the field until the third, at evening. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. In these words, Saul recognized the prevalent Oriental custom of those times that gave all of a deposed king's wives and concubines to his successor. But should it please my father to do you harm, the Lord do so to Jonathan and more also, if I do not disclose it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked, of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for, a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘. And David said to Jonathan, “Indeed tomorrow, the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. 17 , 27 ), his’il (“hand over, dedicate,” v. d. There is but a step between me and death: This reveals David’s discouragement. Michal Helps David Escape (1 Samuel 19) Say: Saul would not give up trying to kill David. "He (David) fled from Nairoth" (1 Samuel 20:1). "These words possibly meant that Jonathan was born of a prostitute. a. I will shoot three arrows: After Jonathan learned his father’s heart and intention towards David, he would communicate to David through a signal. "On the third day" (1 Samuel 20:19). It is not so." Apparently, Saul used the occasion for a meeting of important members of his government. But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they wept together. 1. b. F. C. Cook wrote that, "This hiding place was either a natural cavernous rock, or some ruin of an ancient building, especially suited for a hiding place. "Far from it! And Jonathan gave his weapons to the lad, and said to him, "Go and carry them to the city." i. David's falling upon his face and his repeated bowing down before Jonathan were David's way of extending his thanks and honor to Jonathan for saving his life. Yet David left for a good reason: He wanted to know if Saul’s heart had changed, and if there was still a chance to reconcile with Saul. Despite Saul’s intentions, David would not die at the hands of Saul or any other enemy. And he rose and departed; and Jonathan went into the city.". Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on 1 Samuel 1:1-20. And why should my father hide this thing from me? : After Jonathan learned his father’s heart and intention towards David, he would communicate to David through a signal. ! And as for the matter of which you and I have spoken, behold, the Lord is between you and me forever.". 3. JONATHAN REVEALS THE SIGN THAT WILL ALERT DAVID, "Then Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad, with him. After the lad had gone, Jonathan no doubt went to the hiding place where he knew David was waiting; and there, in the safe security of that hiding place, these tearful actions occurred. Jonathan and David probably envisioned working together, as partners, as friends, both before and after the time David became king. Finally, the loving arms of his wife Michal awaited him in their home on the city wall. "If there is guilt in me, slay me yourself" (1 Samuel 20:8). Jonathan’s second bold deed of arms ( 1 Samuel 14:1-15) is, in contrast with Saul’s failure to stand the trial of faith, an example of victorious heroic faith, which consists in unconditional but humble reliance on the almighty help of the Lord (“perhaps the Lord will, etc.,” 1 Samuel … i. These are days when to stand up for anything more than mere conventional religion must cost something; and for this reason let us never flinch.” (Meyer). : Jonathan covered for David, trying to give Saul a plausible (and truthful) explanation for David’s absence. And David said to Jonathan, “Indeed tomorrow is the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. Then he said to his lad, “Now run, find the arrows which I shoot.” As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. And the LORD be with you as He has been with my father. 66ff. "There is but a step between me and death" (1 Samuel 20:3). One may wonder if some tattle tale at Saul's court, who perhaps had seen David and Jonathan together "in the field," had told Saul of it. The New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. "Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly?" The private meeting between David and Jonathan here was possible only because Saul had not yet returned to his court from Ramah. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.” Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious. it will be well with your servant; but if he is angry, then know that evil is determined by him. All other rights reserved. 6:26-27,33-35; or from Ramathaim Zuphim. ", "Come let us go out into the field. c. Far be it from you: With this encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer doubt his loyalty. Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem; he said, `Let me go; for our family holds a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. and therefore might set himself against David. Note the following: Any writer who finds it "difficult" to understand why David would have returned to Gibeah in the light of these circumstances has simply failed to read his Bible. "Why has not the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today"? What is my sin?" And Jonathan called after the lad, "Hurry, make haste, stay not." Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, “Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean.” And it happened the next day, the second day of the month, that David’s place was empty. For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. If there is iniquity in me: Again, David seems somewhat shaken by the fact that Jonathan did not tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you, : Jonathan continued to reassure David, bringing encouragement and an offer of help to a discouraged man. It is not so!” Then David took an oath again, and said, “Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said, ‘Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.’ But truly, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death.” So Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you.”. " 20 But when they saw a group of prophets prophesying, with Samuel standing there as their leader, the Spirit of God came upon Saul's men and they also prophesied. When I have sounded out my father: Jonathan will find out his father’s heart and will report it to David, to say if it is good or bad towards David. a. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. He was a ruler who governed : David will not return to “normal life” until Saul is dead, and David is king. When the lad had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried out after the lad and said, “Is not the arrow beyond you?” And Jonathan cried out after the lad, “Make haste, hurry, do not delay!” So Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. Jonathan’s response is the same as in 1 Samuel 20:2. “David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind and flee as a fugitive, the LORD will be with you. David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). David honored his promise here as revealed in 2 Samuel 21:17. d. He shall surely die: Certainly, this was Saul’s intention, despite his previous oath (As the LORD lives, he shall not be killed, 1 Samuel 19:6). He would no longer be welcome at the palace. Jonathan’s support of David enraged Saul and Saul cast a spear at him to kill him. Then Jonathan said to David: “The LORD God of Israel. What is my guilt? : Special sacrifices were commanded for the new moon (Numbers 28:11-15). v. “Let God empty you out that He may save you from becoming spiritually stale, and lead you ever onward. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10 View Bible Text The title for this narrative lectionary is apt: from a place of deep sadness Hannah prays to God, vowing that if God will give her a son, she will dedicate that son to God. at the hand of David’s enemies.” Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. Then David hid in the field. 21 When it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, i and they also … What is my guilt? But if it pleases my father. Conceivably, he could have said, “Where is your faith, brother? Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target; and there I will send a lad, saying, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to him, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come’—then, as the LORD lives, there is safety for you and no harm. What has he done: Jonathan responded by defending not only David, but right in this cause. “But there is something still nobler – when one dares in any company to avow his loyalty to the Lord Jesus. Sometimes our life turns on a small thing. David wondered if Saul would take the opportunity to reconcile or take the opportunity to kill him. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "What have I done? Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Jonathan had a noble commitment to David as a friend. Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, “What have I done? When I have sounded out my father sometime tomorrow, or the third day, and indeed there is good toward David, and I do not send to you and tell you, may the LORD do so and much more to Jonathan. Jonathan would take target practice and where he shot the arrows would tell David the answer. Jonathan, through filial loyalty, would not desert his father even when that inevitable day of reckoning would come. She spoke softly, none could hear her. Only Jonathan and David knew of the matter. We have to see all of this from David’s perspective. This shows how deep Saul’s hatred of David was – he would kill his own son for siding with David. And Jonathan said, "Far be it from you. As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from. If I am still alive, show me the loyal love of the Lord, that I may not die. Yet as David now left for a life of hiding and danger, Jonathan could send David away in peace because they both agreed to honor each other not only in life, but also to honor each other’s families beyond their own lifetimes. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. i. He remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that his father was against David. Jonathan senses that David is in a vulnerable place and he wants to give him encouragement in the midst of it. because they both agreed to honor each other not only in life, but also to honor each other’s families beyond their own lifetimes. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had treated him shamefully. This was a pretty bleak road for David to walk, but it was God’s road for him. Introduction. Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, “What have I … He could have simply stayed there for however long it took Saul to give up or die. “It seems probably that he went first to Bethlehem, as he bade Jonathan to tell his father, ver. Saul meant by this that Jonathan's mother, "Would become the wife of the new king. He came asking Jonathan what great sin has he committed that has made Saul so upset with him. INTRODUCTION TO FIRST SAMUEL 20. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … "Filial attachment naturally blinded the prince to defects in the parental character. "[10], "So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. In those days, it … If he says, `Good? ii. 1 Samuel 1:20 Samuel sounds like the Hebrew for heard by God. But if it pleases my father to do you evil, then I will report it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. : Jonathan and David agreed to care for one another. : Here David checked his relationship with Jonathan. "The shame of your mother's nakedness" (1 Samuel 20:30). : This assured David that Jonathan was still his loyal friend, and that Jonathan hadn’t bought into Saul’s lies about David. Why should he be killed? Besides all this, a visitation from God himself had frustrated Saul's expedition to Nairoth. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. We may request cookies to be set on your device. This bleak road was important in David’s life because if God would put David in a place where people must depend on him, God would teach David to depend upon God alone. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 1. Is not the arrow beyond you: It took courage for Jonathan to communicate with David, even secretly – because he knew that if his father became aware of it, he would focus his murderous rage against Jonathan again. He was even expected to sit at the king's table in the approaching feast of the new moon. Click on the different category headings to find out more. In 1 Samuel 1:11, she articulates one of the more tenacious and bold prayers in all of Scripture, “O LORD of hosts, if only you will look on the misery of your servant, and remember me, and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a male child, then I will set him before you as a nazirite until the day of his death. 5 So David said, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow. May the Lord be with you, as he has been with my father. How can anyone set out on such a bleak road and be in the will of God? : Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. And. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? It is hard to see where this incident can be made to fit in."[2]. “David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind and flee as a fugitive, i. Jonathan shows his spiritual maturity when he says, “, ,” because one might think that the LORD was really. A lot was riding on the message brought through a few arrows. d. So he arose and departed: David will not return to “normal life” until Saul is dead, and David is king. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David. Therefore send and fetch him to me, for he shall surely die." Jonathan knew that one day David and his descendants would rule over Israel and he wanted a promise that David and his descendants will not kill or mistreat the descendants of Jonathan. 1 Samuel Chapter 20 Summary. If your father misses me at all, then say, `David earnestly asked leave of me to run to Bethlehem his city; for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.' Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at table with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field till the third day at evening. Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry them to the city.”. your father answers you roughly?” And Jonathan said to David, “Come, and let us go out into the field.” So both of them went out into the field. He is the remarkably brave man of faith who initiated a one-man war against the Philistines. iv. Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target; and there I will send a lad, , ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to him, ‘Look, the arrows. In these words it is clear that Jonathan recognized the grave danger to himself when God would take vengeance upon all of David's enemies. How will Jonathan get the message to David? You shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever: Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. That reason was the king's knowledge that Jonathan, through his friendship for David, would not have approved of it. Saul’s anger was aroused… “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman”. David at once responded with a plan to ascertain the real situation between himself and Saul. Why should my father hide this thing from me? 2. Scripture God rejected Saul as king over Israel because of Saul’s disobedience. Then David fled from Naioth: The Spirit of God protected David in Naioth in a powerful way. ii. (24-34) Saul is enraged when he learns of David’s absence. He could even hear it in the songs the women sang about David (18:7), in the deep love and affection shown David by his own family (18:1-5, 20), and the respect and admiration he gained from those in … No los pone de inmediato en posesión del reino; los guía a través de mucha tribulación, la cual convierte en el medio para equiparlos para el reino. And why should my father hide this thing from me? The pain of being apart was bad enough, but it was worse for David because he was cut off from everything and destined to live the life of a fugitive for many years. And do not cut off your loyalty to my house forever. a. By giving David early warning of this Jonathan will help David go in safety. ” 20 Then Saul sent messengers to take David, and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as head over them, h the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, i and they also prophesied. 1. you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the day of the deed; and remain by the stone Ezel. "Tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at the table with the king" (1 Samuel 20:5). Then said David to Jonathan, "Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly"? "[8], This trip of David to Saul's court in Gibeah was exceedingly dangerous; but in the circumstances it was absolutely necessary. i. Critics affirm here that, "Jonathan's proposition that they should go out into the field where they would be free from observation contradicts the intent of the main narrative, namely, that it would be dangerous for them to be seen together going into the field. Are you still behind me?” Essentially, David says “If you really are working for your father and agree with him that I deserve to die, then just kill me now.”. Jonathan would take target practice and where he shot the arrows would tell David the answer. What have I done: Here David checked his relationship with Jonathan. At least not everybody wants David dead (I Samuel 19) 1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. 1 Samuel 20:24-40. It will be kindness to ourselves and to ours, to secure an interest in those whom God favours, and to make his friends ours. Only Jonathan and David knew of the matter. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, “Why has the son of Jesse not come to eat, either yesterday or today?” So Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem. What is my guilt? 1 Samuel 21 Chapter 20 David, having several times narrowly escaped Saul’s fury, begins to consider at last whether it may not be necessary for him to retire into the country and to … It is not so" (1 Samuel 20:2). If Saul’s heart was different towards David, he might have been disappointed but not furious. And behold, I will send the lad, saying, `Look, the arrows are on this side of you, take them,' then you are to come, for, as the Lord lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. (12-13) Jonathan will discover the state of his father’s heart towards David. But if he is very angry, then be sure that evil is determined by him. You can be sure of it.”. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. : Jonathan will find out his father’s heart and will. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. And he said, ‘Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. For if I knew certainly that evil was determined by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you?” Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me, or what if your father answers you roughly?” And Jonathan said to David, “Come, and let us go out into the field.” So both of them went out into the field. So when, it happened the next day… that David’s place was empty, : “Speaking of him derisively as ‘the son of Jesse,’ thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.”, Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem”. We cannot suppose that this final farewell of these two noble men took place in the open field. This refers to the third day of the feast. Yet David left for a good reason: He wanted to know if Saul’s heart had changed, and if there was still a chance to reconcile with Saul. (41-42) The tearful farewell of David and Jonathan. d. Who will tell me: David now poses a practical problem. This addition is a further suggestion that Samuel is dedicated to God under a nazirite vow (Nm 6:4–5); see note on v. 22 . Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). b. Browse Sermons on 1 Samuel 1:1-20. All such "difficulties" in the acceptance of this chapter are due to the failure of writers to understand the situation. ” David wanted to know if Jonathan has come to a place of agreement with his father Saul. As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, “Something has happened to him; he, unclean.” And it happened the next day, the second, of the month, that David’s place was empty. 6 If your father misses me at all, tell him, ‘David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown, because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.’ 7 If he says, ‘Very well,’ then your servant is safe. It. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘It is well,’ your servant will be safe. The king had recently sworn in a solemn oath that David should not die. : The Spirit of God protected David in Naioth in a powerful way. This bleak road was important in David’s life because if David was to be set in such a great position of authority, David must learn to submit to God’s authority, even if it were through a man like Saul. also. The second point may be more interesting than relevant. "[12] Second Samuel has this statement from the prophet Nathan in his rebuke of David for his adultery with Bathsheba and his murder of her husband: "Neither you nor your kingdom shall be established" (1 Samuel 20:31). We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website.

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