morus alba tree
No serious insect or disease problems. On older trees, the leaves are generally 5–15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) long, unlobed, cordate at the base and rounded to acuminate at the tip, and serrated on the margins. The White Mulberry Tree (Morus alba) is native to China. Morus alba (White Mulberry) An attractive medium-sized tree, occasionally grown as a shrub, with an open and upright crown of tangled branches. Some of the gardening sites on the web discuss this tree as a good provider of shade, but except for fighting your way through the branches–which you might have to do to find the identifying tag–the versions in the park wouldn’t seem to provide much shade. The trunk of large trees 1–2½' across. They are clothed with heart-shaped, glossy dark green leaves, that may turn a pleasing yellow in fall. The Red Mulberry Tree (Morus rubra) is native to North America. Tree Characteristics. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. Morus alba L. Show All Show Tabs white mulberry General Information; Symbol: MOAL Group: Dicot Family: Moraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: Native Status: CAN I HI I L48 I: Characteristics: Plant Guide. Asymmetrical introgression between two. In 2002, 6,260 km2 of land were devoted to the species in China. Flowers in Spring.  The species is native to northern China and India, and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (United States, Mexico, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Argentina, Turkey, Iran, etc.)..  The species has become a popular lawn tree across the desert cities of the southwestern United States, prized for its shade and also for its cylindrical berry clusters composed of sweet, purplish-white fruits. There is now serious concern for the long-term genetic viability of the red mulberry because of extensive hybridization in some areas. The weeping mulberry tree, Morus alba Pendula, is a dwarf variety of the Chinese tree. Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year. , Morus alba is a traditional Chinese medicine that contains alkaloids and flavonoids that are bioactive compounds. The leaves are prepared as tea in Korea. Longevity 50 to 150 years. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. Regular water needs once established. The fruit is larger than our dwarf mulberry and the plant flowers and fruits most of the year in repeating cycles. The trees are generally deciduous in temperate regions, but trees grown in tropical regions can be evergreen.  A weeping cultivar of white mulberry, Morus alba 'Pendula', is a popular ornamental plant. In earlier times the tree played an important part in the breeding of silkworms. Renders well in v-ray. The white mulberry has been cultivated in Asia and Southern Europe since antiquity. (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States) Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important It can eventually attain a maximum width of 4 m. The final height attained depends on the height of the graft. Morus Alba is the White Mulberry, although the fruits are what 'White Mulberry' refers to the stems and leaves are also commonly used as a tea and, more recently, in supplements as ethanolic/ethyl acetate extractions (supplements, or a wine extraction) appear to concentrate the bioactives. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. The cultivation began over four thousand years ago in China. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Flowers Inconspicuous. Bacterial blight may kill foliage/branches. long and up to 6 in. Morus alba is a fast-growing shrub or moderate-sized tree with a fairly cylindrical, straight bole, up to 35 m high and 1.8 m in girth, without buttresses; bark dark greyish-brown, rough with vertical fissures; exuding white or yellowish-white latex. Morus, a genus of flowering plants in the family Moraceae, consists of diverse species of deciduous trees commonly known as mulberries, growing wild and under cultivation in many temperate world regions. , Various extracts from Morus alba including kuwanon G, moracin M, steppogenin-4′-O-β-D-glucoside and mulberroside A have been suggested as having a variety of potentially-useful medical effects. Mature Height: 35-80′ Soil / Climate: Native to northern China and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere. Morus Alba Pendula Pruning.  Studies have shown that these compounds may help reduce high cholesterol, obesity, and stress.. 380*82-1), Invasive.org: U.S. National Forest Service, Invasive Species Weed of the Week −, "Morus alba L. Diminishes visceral adiposity, insulin resistance, behavioral alterations via regulation of gene expression of leptin, resistin and adiponectin in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morus_alba&oldid=989514580, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 12:28. Where is this species invasive in the US. Morus alba, commonly called white mulberry is native to China. The stamens act as catapults, releasing stored elastic energy in just 25 µs. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. Trees were introduced into North America in colonial times in an effort to establish a silk industry. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: MOAL: Plant Notes: White Mulberry is an introduced deciduous tree in the Mulberry family (Moraceae). Morus alba, an introduced species, and its numerous cultivars readily hybridize with Morus rubra and are beginning to “naturalize” at an unparalleled rate. Good shade tree. Illinois Everbearing Mulberry has a very sweet delicious flavor. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. It usually develops a wide-spreading crown with age. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 2009 64:2 (116-121), Neutralization of local and systemic toxicity of, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "The thickest, tallest, and oldest white mulberry trees (Morus alba)", http://old.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Morus_alba.PDF, SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter, Schaffner, John H. 1919.  The plant's pollen has become problematical in some cities where it has been blamed for an increase in hay fever. Morus alba Linnaeus: Common Name: White Mulberry; Silkworm Mulberry; Russian Mulberry: Habitat: Various open sites. , Two varieties of Morus alba are recognized:, Cultivation of white mulberry for silkworms began over four thousand years ago in China. It is generally a short-lived tree with a lifespan comparable to that of humans, although there are some specimens known to be over 250 years old. Extremely precocious, self fruiting, and heavy yielding over much of the summer. White mulberry is usually dioecious (separate male and female trees), but sometimes is monoecious. It can grow on most soils. Height: 20 - 30 feet. Morus alba 'Fruitless' - Fruitless Mulberry Rapid growing, rounded, broadleaf, deciduous tree Height to 60' - Spread to 60' Likes sun Hardy to about -5°F Prune to shape Large shade tree Heat and alkali tolerant Latin: Morus alba. Data Source and Documentation : About our new maps. Foliage The alternate leaves are polymorphic (variably shaped), 2-8 in. The fruit and resulting bird droppings are messy and will stain pavements, automobiles and areas around the home. Coral spot cankers may cause twig dieback. Flowers in Spring. The Morus alba has a long and rich history of cultivation as a requirement for silkworm rearing. Diseased Morus nigra (before spray program) Morus nigra appears more susceptible to fungal and bacterial spot diseases to a … Watch for scale, mites and mealybugs. Morus alba 'Stribling' Fruitless Mulberry.  The fruit is 1–1.5 cm (0.4–0.6 in) long; in the species in the wild it is deep purple, but in many cultivated plants it varies from white to pink; it is sweet but bland, unlike the more intense flavor of the red mulberry and black mulberry. This tree has also been planted in various areas for erosion control and windbreaks. Borers may be a problem particular in the South. Appearance Morus alba is a small, 30-50 ft. (9.1-15.2 m) tall, deciduous tree that invades disturbed areas throughout the United States. Morus alba – White mulberry. Center for New Crops & Plant Products. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant).  Its berries are edible when ripe. Leaves Ovate to Cordate sometimes Lobed, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/moralb/all.html Fruits ripen to white or pink, but sometimes to darker reds or purple-blacks. Zones: 5-9. Russian mulberry is a very hardy and drought tolerant tree. A deciduous tree 30 to 45 ft high, with a rounded head of branches and a trunk 6 ft in girth; young shoots downy at first, becoming more or less glabrous by autumn. The British Journal of Nutrition 2010 104:1 (8-16), In vivo hypoglycemic effects of phenolics from the root bark of, Mulberroside A Possesses Potent Uricosuric and Nephroprotective Effects in Hyperuricemic Mice Wang C.-P., Wang Y., Wang X., Zhang X., Ye J.-F., Hu L.-S., Kong L.-D. [Article in Press] Planta Medica 2010, Mulberry leaf extract restores arterial pressure in streptozotocin-induced chronic diabetic rats Naowaboot J., Pannangpetch P., Kukongviriyapan V., Kukongviriyapan U., Nakmareong S., Itharat A. Leaves broadly ovate with a heart-shaped base, usually pointed, sometimes rounded at the apex, frequently three-lobed, varying much in size, from 3 to 8 in. Width: 30 - 50 feet. Fast growing. Shallow rooted. Best grown in rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The flowers are single-sex catkins; male catkins are 2–3.5 cm (0.8–1.4 in) long, and female catkins 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in) long.